Emails show state’s about-face on card games enforcement


The same state agency now calling designated-player card games illegal was calling them “in compliance” with state gambling law as recently as last July, records show.

What’s not clear is what caused the about-face.

The enforcement is happening at the same time that lawmakers are considering whether to approve a new “compact” with the Seminole Tribe of Florida, whose casinos compete with tracks in South Florida and elsewhere that also offer cards and slots.

The Department of Business and Professional Regulation, which regulates gambling, filed administrative complaints against seven racetracks that offer poker-style card games.

“After reviewing operations and obtaining additional information at pari-mutuel facilities throughout the state, the Division of Pari-Mutuel Wagering discovered violations of Florida law resulting in administrative complaints,” department Secretary Ken Lawson said in a statement.

“We will continue to administer the law and maintain our opposition to unauthorized activity conducted at any facility licensed by the state,” he said.

In its complaint against Gulfstream Park in South Florida, the department said the track was offering three-card poker, “a banking game or a game not specifically authorized” by law. A banking game is one in which customers play against the house, not each other.

But in March 2013, Cassandra Scott, the department’s Division of Pari-Mutuel Wagering cardroom coordinator, said that game “appears to be in compliance with Florida statutes and … administrative code.” She told the pari-mutuel to update their internal control manual to include the game’s rules and betting requirements.

More recently, Jason Maine, the division’s chief attorney, told the racetrack’s attorney that a similar game being offered, “1 Card Poker,” “appears to be in compliance with present law,” according to an email.

The July 2015 email contained a lengthy description of the game, which uses a designated player like three-card poker.

And last March, Maine sent Gulfstream attorneys a similar letter for “Fortune Pai Gow Poker,” also saying “the game, as described, appears to be in compliance with present law.” It too is a designated-player game.

A Gulfstream representative declined comment, saying the documents speak for themselves.

Earlier Wednesday, the president of a Jacksonville racetrack and cardroom told lawmakers that state regulators oversaw the setting up of the very games they now allege are illegal.

“We understand we’re in a regulated industry, but not one where the rug is pulled out from under us,” Howard Korman, president of Jacksonville Greyhound Racing, told the Senate Regulated Industries Committee. “We basically felt we had complete permission … I truly don’t understand why what we were told is now different.”

Jim Rosica

Jim Rosica is the Tallahassee-based Senior Editor for Florida Politics. He previously was the Tampa Tribune’s statehouse reporter. Before that, he covered three legislative sessions in Florida for The Associated Press. Jim graduated from law school in 2009 after spending nearly a decade covering courts for the Tallahassee Democrat, including reporting on the 2000 presidential recount. He can be reached at [email protected]


Florida Politics is a statewide, new media platform covering campaigns, elections, government, policy, and lobbying in Florida. This platform and all of its content are owned by Extensive Enterprises Media.

Publisher: Peter Schorsch @PeterSchorschFL

Contributors & reporters: Phil Ammann, Roseanne Dunkelberger, A.G. Gancarski, Anne Geggis, Kelly Hayes, Ryan Nicol, Jacob Ogles, Gray Rohrer, Jesse Scheckner, Christine Sexton, Andrew Wilson, Wes Wolfe, and Mike Wright.

Email: [email protected]
Twitter: @PeterSchorschFL
Phone: (727) 642-3162
Address: 204 37th Avenue North #182
St. Petersburg, Florida 33704

Sign up for Sunburn