An effort to repeal the Constitution Revision Commission is now in its final House committee after passing its first panel on Wednesday.
By a 12-4 vote, the House Civil Justice and Property Rights Subcommittee voted to advance a proposed constitutional amendment (HJR 1179) to abolish the CRC, carried by Lithia Republican Rep. Mike Beltran. Democratic Reps. Mike Gottlieb and Geraldine Thompson joined Republicans in the majority.
If lawmakers approve the resolution, the question would appear before voters on the 2022 ballot. The public would need to approve it by a 60% vote.
The commission, created in 1968, meets every 20 years to make changes to the Florida Constitution. The commission met for the first time from 1977 to 1978. It met most recently from 2017 to 2018.
In 2018, when the CRC placed seven amendments on the ballot, lawmakers and observers were irked by “bundling” unrelated propositions in amendments. That year’s Amendment 9, which banned offshore drilling and vaping in indoor workplaces, was the most notable of the several odd combinations from the CRC. Voters passed that amendment with 69% approval, far exceeding the necessary 60% threshold to finalize constitutional amendments.
Both sides of the aisle, including Gov. Ron DeSantis, have criticized the bundling process.
The CRC is one of five methods in Florida to amend the state constitution. It meets every 20 years to place proposed amendments directly on the ballot.
Beltran called that an arbitrary time period.
“What if they thought the constitution was good and they didn’t propose any amendment? Then everyone would think they’re lazy or they’re not innovative,” Beltran said. “They’re almost forced to come up with a bunch of amendments every 20 years, and we saw what happened.”
St. Petersburg Democratic Rep. Ben Diamond said he was “disappointed” in the CRC’s decision to group policies together. However, his preferred solution would be to limit amendments to one topic per proposal.
For the Legislature to place a proposed amendment before voters, two thirds of both chambers must vote in favor of the amendment. That equates to the full Republican caucus plus three Democratic senators and two Democratic representatives.
Republicans have led other efforts in recent years to limit the ways to amend the constitution, seen largely as a response to recent ballot initiatives like the amendment allowing felons to vote and, most recently, an amendment raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour.
Lawmakers last year agreed to make it harder for citizen-driven proposals to appear on the ballot, a law DeSantis signed in April. And while lawmakers passed another proposed amendment requiring that voters approve future amendments twice, voters turned that down with only 52% supporting it.
Floridians have rights to privacy, free speech, to bear arms and more, Beltran told the committee.
“If it’s easier to amend the constitution or there are more occasions to amend the constitution, there are more opportunities to take away those rights,” Beltran said.