Senate passes unemployment benefit increase, but will the House?
First-time unemployment claims dropped in the final week of April in Florida.

Unemployment sign
House Speaker Chris Sprowls avoided taking a position on the bill.

The fight over unemployment benefits isn’t among Democrats and Republicans in the Senate, but it might be shaping up to take place between the upper and lower chambers.

The Senate voted Thursday on a measure to raise the maximum weekly unemployment benefits from $275 to $375 and to increase the duration of unemployment benefits from 12 to 14 weeks.

Senators used debate time to applaud the bipartisan effort on the bill (SB 1906), which passed 40-0.

“This is a good moment for us,” Senate Minority Leader Gary Farmer said.

Lingering over the feel-good moment was the worry that the Senate camaraderie may not be reflected in the House. Bill sponsor Sen. Jason Brodeur responded to a question from Sen. Jason Pizzo about lack of companion legislation in the lower chamber.

“There is not, but fortunately the rules allow them to take up whatever they like,” Brodeur said.

Pizzo, who worked on bipartisan amendments to the bill, pleaded with his colleagues to use their influence with House members.

“As there is no companion bill right now, whatever political will, whatever influence, whatever self-respect you have that you think that you can invoke and impress upon our House colleagues, please do so,” Pizzo said.

“Maybe we could attach it to something they love. Maybe we can write the Governor and put some love over there for him too, and be able to bring this home,” Sen. Linda Stewart, who co-sponsors the bill, said.

House Speaker Chris Sprowls, speaking to reporters after the Senate bill passed, did not directly state his position on the matter. Instead Sprowls pivoted to talk about his priority legislation that revamps the state’s consumer facing workforce system.

“We’re not getting people back to work. Our focus should be on getting our people back to work because either they don’t know that the job is open, which by the way, I think is a real problem, which is why we did the workforce bill,” Sprowls said.

At the beginning of the Session, Sprowls called the matter a budget issue but at this point funding has been sorted out. Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a bill (SB 50) Tuesday night that requires retailers to collect an online sales tax, which will be used to replenish the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund normally funded solely by employer taxes.

With the trust depleted last year during the pandemic, unemployment taxes on employees jumped from $7 per employee last year to $49 this year. If nothing changes, that rate could jump to $87 next year.

The internet sales tax enforcement is estimated to net $1 billion in revenue.

“I would suggest that it means that we would go a little bit longer being able to supply more benefits before we had to contemplate raising taxes on employers,” Brodeur said.

Gov. Ron DeSantis has been unclear about his stance on raising unemployment benefits.

The pandemic shed light on a stingy benefit allotment in the state. Florida is tied for 47th in the U.S. in average weekly unemployment benefits, according to a recent analysis by Forbes Advisor. Additionally, most states offer 26 weeks of unemployment benefits.

The underlying bill didn’t originally include an increase to weekly unemployment benefits, though senators in both parties reported an unprecedented number of calls and emails from constituents facing economic hardships due to the pandemic and agreed the application system for unemployment benefits was not adequate for the current claim load.

Democrats had been pushing for increased unemployment benefits all Session. Sens. Randolph Bracy, Pizzo, Powell, Stewart and Annette Taddeo all filed legislation to increase the state’s weekly unemployment benefits by varying amounts.

Not long after Republican leadership made the deal to add an additional funding source to the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund, two Democrat-supported amendments were added to the bill during the committee process.

The amendments would increase the duration and amount of benefits, tie the duration of unemployment benefits to the state’s most recent unemployment rate and increase the initial claim processing time. The bill also relaxes some of the job prospecting requirements to receive unemployment.

Haley Brown

Haley Brown covers state government for Previously, Haley covered the West Virginia Legislature and anchored weekend newscasts for WVVA in Bluefield, W.Va. Haley is a Florida native and a graduate of the University of Florida. You can reach her at [email protected].


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